Lysenkoism, named for Russian botanist Trofim Lysenko, was a political doctrine in Joseph Stalin’s Soviet Union that mandated that all biological research conducted in the USSR conform to a modified Lamarckian evolutionary theory. It was imposed for largely ideological reasons. Lysekoism is today used as a term applied to centralized attempts to determine the direction of scitech.
The Russian problem with Darwinism was the embracing of “Malthusian ideas”. [https://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/lysenko/works/1940s/report.htm html]
As a response to Lysenkoism, Polanyi developed the theory of Spontaneous Order.
Many conservatives believe Global Warming research is the new Lysenkoism. [http://www.forbes.com/sites/peterferrara/2013/04/28/the-disgraceful-episode-of-lysenkoism-brings-us-global-warming-theory/ post] [http://www.navlog.org/lysenkoism.html html]